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Ascensao, E. (2015). ‘Slum gentrification in Lisbon, Portugal: Displacement and the imagined futures of an informal settlement.’ In Lees L, Shin H and Lopez-Morales E (eds.), Global Gentrifications: Uneven Development and Displacement. Bristol: Policy Press, 37–58.

Atkinson, R (2000). ‘The hidden costs of gentrification: Displacement in central London.’ Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 15/4, 307-326.

Atkinson, R and Bridge, G. (2005). (Eds.), Gentrification in a Global Context: The New Urban Colonialism. London: Routledge.

Butler, T and Lees, L. (2006). ‘Super-gentrification in Barnsbury, London: globalisation and gentrifying global elites at the neighbourhood level.’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 31/4, 467-487.

Cummings J. (2015). ‘Confronting favela chic: The gentrification of informal settlements in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.’ In Lees L, Shin H and Lopez-Morales E (eds.), Global Gentrifications: Uneven Development and Displacement. Bristol: Policy Press, 81–100.

Davidson, M. (2009) ‘Displacement, Space/Place and Dwelling: placing gentrification debate,’ Ethics, Place and Environment, 12, 219-234.

Davidson, M and Lees, L. (2005). ‘New-Build ‘Gentrification’ and London’s Riverside Renaissance’ Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 37/7, 1165-1190.

Davidson, M and Lees, L. (2010). ‘New-Build Gentrification: Its Histories, Trajectories, and Critical Geographies.’ Population, Space and Place 16, 395-411.

Elliott-Cooper, A, Hubbard, P and Lees, L. (2020a). ‘Moving beyond Marcuse: gentrification, displacement and the violence of un-homing.’ Progress in Human Geography, 44/3, 492-509.


Elliott-Cooper, A, Hubbard, P and Lees, L. (2020b). ‘Sold out? The right to buy, gentrification and working-class displacements in London.’ The Sociological Review 68/6, 1354-1369.

Fernandez Arrigoitia, M. (2018). ‘The gentrification of public housing.’ In L. Lees and M. Phillips (eds.), Handbook of Gentrification Studies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 262-280.

Garcia, I and Rua, M. (2018). ‘Our interests matter’: Puerto-Rican older adults in the age of gentrification.’ Urban Studies 55/14, 3168, 31-84.

Goetz, E. (2011). ‘Gentrification in Black and White: The Racial Impact of Public Housing Demolition in American Cities.’ Urban Studies 48/8,1581–1604.

Gonzalez, S and Waley, P. (2012). ‘Traditional retail market. The new gentrification frontier?’ Antipode, 1-19.

Graziano, T. (2022). ‘The blemish of the past’: (un)usual paths of gentrification in a Mediterranean city throughout history.’ City 26/2-3, 473-495.

Halasz, Judith R. (2018). ‘The super-gentrification of Park Slope, Brooklyn.’ Urban Geography 39/9, 1366-1390.

Hamnett, C. (1973) ‘Improvement grants as an indicator of gentrification in Inner London’, Area 5, 252–261.


Hamnett, C. (1991). ‘The blind man and the elephant: the explanation of gentrification.’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers NS 16, 173-89. 


Hamnett, C (2003). ‘Gentrification and the middle-class remaking of Inner London, 1961-2001.’ Urban Studies 40/12, 2401-26. 

Hubbard, P and Lees, L (2018). ‘The right to community? Legal geographies of resistance on London’s gentrification frontiers.’ City 22/1, 8-25.

Kern, L. (2016). ‘Rhythms of gentrification: eventfulness and slow violence in a happening neighbourhood.’ Cultural Geographies 23/3, 441-457.

Lees, L (2000). ‘A re-appraisal of gentrification: towards a geography of gentrification. Progress in Human Geography 24/3, 389-408.

Lees, L. (2003a). ‘Super-gentrification: The case of Brooklyn Heights, New York City.’ Urban Studies 40/12, 2487-2509.

Lees, L. (2016). ‘Gentrification, Race and Ethnicity: Towards a Global Research Agenda?’ City & Community 15/3, 208-214.


Lees, L. Annuziata, S and Rivas-Alonso, C. (2018). ‘Resisting Planetary Gentrification: The Value of Survivability in the Fight to Stay Put.’ Annals of the American Association of Geographers 108/2, 346-355.


Lees, L and Ferreri, M. (2016). ‘Resisting gentrification on its final frontiers: learning from the Heygate Estate in London (1974-2013). Cities 57, 14-24.

Lees, L and Phillips, M. (2018). (eds.), Handbook of Gentrification Studies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.


Lees, L and Robinson, B. (2021). Beverley’s Story: survivability on one of London’s newest gentrification frontiers. City 25/5-6, 590-613.


Lees, L, Slater, T and Wyly, E. (2008). Gentrification. London: Routledge

Liu, F, Zhu X, Li, J, Sun, J and Huang, Q. (2019). ‘Progress of Gentrification Research in China: A Bibliometric Review.’ Sustainability 11/367, 1-28.

London Tenants Federation, Lees, L, Just Space and SNAG (2014). Staying Put: An Anti-Gentrification Handbook for Council Estates in London (hardcopy and electronically at bg-put-an-anti-gentrification-handbook-for-council-estates-in-london/). Accessed February 22, 2021.

Maloutas, T. (2012). ‘Contextual Diversity in Gentrification Research.’ Critical Sociology 38/1, 33-48.


Marcuse, P. (1985) ‘Gentrification, abandonment and displacement: Connections, causes and policy responses in New York City.’ Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law 28, 195– 240.

Newman, K. and Wyly, E. (2006). ‘The right to stay put, revisited: gentrification and resistance to displacement in New York City’, Urban Studies 43, p. 23–57.

Paccoud, A., Niesseron, P and Mace, A. (2020). ‘The role of ethnic change in the closing of rent gaps through buy-to-let gentrification.’ Urban Geography, 1-16.

Phillips, M. (1993). ‘Rural gentrification and the processes of class colonisation.’ Journal of Rural Studies 9/2, 123-140.


Phillips, M. (2018). ‘Gentrification and the landscape change.’ In Lees, L and Phillips, M (eds.), Handbook of Gentrification Studies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. (Also being translated into Chinese), 81-102.

Phillips, M and Smith, D. (2018). ‘Comparative approaches to gentrification: Lessons from the rural.’ Dialogues in Human Geography 8/1, 3-25. 

Rose, D. (1984). ‘Rethinking gentrification: Beyond the uneven development of Marxist urban theory.’ Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 1, 47– 74.

Shin, H and López-Morales, E. (2018). ‘Beyond Anglo-American gentrification theory.’ In Lees, L and Phillips, M (eds.), Handbook of Gentrification Studies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. (Also being translated into Chinese), 13-25.

Slater, T. (2006). ‘The Eviction of Critical Perspectives from Gentrification Research.’  International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30/4, 737-57.

Slater, T, Curran, W, Lees, L. (2004). ‘Gentrification research: New directions and critical scholarship.’ Environment and Planning A 36, 1141–1150.


Smith, D. (2005) ‘Studentification’: The gentrification factory.’ In Atkinson, R and Bridge, G (eds.) Gentrification in a Global Context: The New Urban Colonialism. London: Routledge, 72– 89.

Smith, N. (1979) ‘Toward a theory of gentrification: a back to the city movement by capital, not people.’ Journal of the American Planning Association 45, pp. 538–548.


Smith, N (1996). The new urban frontier: gentrification and the revanchist city. Routledge, London.


Smith, D and Holt, L. (2007). ‘Studentification and ‘apprentice’ gentrifiers within Britain’s provincial towns and cities: extending the meaning of gentrification.’ Environment and Planning A 39, 142-161.

Sullivan, D.M and Shaw, S.C. (2011). ‘Retail gentrification and race: the case of Alberta Street in Portland, Oregon.’ Urban Affairs Review 47/3, 413-432.

Thurber, A and Christiano, J. (2019). ‘Confronting gentrification: Can creative interventions help people keep more than just their homes?’ Engaged Scholar Journal, 5/2, 95-115.

Kensington and Chelsea 

Denny, B and Starren, C. (1998). Kensington Past. London: Historical Publications.


Dent Coad, E. (2020). ‘The most unequal borough in Britain-revisited: Inequality and inequity in Kensington and Chelsea.’ Available at: Accessed March 5, 2021.

Dent Coad, E. (2022). One Kensington: Tales From the Frontline of the Most Unequal Borough in Britain. London: Quercus. 

Hunt, L. (1902). The Old Court Suburb: Memorials of Kensington regal, critical and anecdotical. Piccadilly: Freemantle & Co.

Inglis, G. I. S. (2014) Kensington in the Great War. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Military.

North Kensington Histories. (2017).  Available at: Accessed May 16, 2022.

Starren, C. (2006). The Kensington Book. London: Historical Publications Ltd.

Syal, R. and Jones, H. (2017). Kensington and Chelsea council has £274m in reserves. [online] The Guardian. Available at: Accessed 5 July 2021.

Tilley, C. (2019). ‘Holland Park: An elite London landscape.’ In Tilley, C (ed.), London’s Urban Landscape: Another way of telling. UCL Press, 353-402.

Walker, A and Jackson, P. (1987). Kensington & Chelsea: a social and architectural history. London: John Murray.

Whelpton, E and Whelpton, B. (1948). The intimate chart of Kensington. London: Nicholson & Watson.

Facades and architecture of geography


Bargery, R. (2005). The Ethics of Facadism: Pragmatism Versus Idealism. [online] The Building Conservation Directory. Available at: Accessed June 28, 2020.

Bloomer, K.C. and Moore, C.W. (1977). Body, Memory, and Architecture. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Kaika, M. (2011). ‘Autistic Architecture: The Fall of the Icon and the Rise of the Serial Object of Architecture.’ Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 29, 968-992.

Lees, L. (2001) ‘Towards a Critical Geography of Architecture: the case of an ersatz colosseum, Ecumene’. A Journal of Cultural Geographies, 8/1, 51-86.

Longley, R. (2016). ‘Facadism: Is It An Architectural Plague Or Preservation?’[online].  Now Toronto. Available at: https://no Accessed July 13, 2020.

Norberg-Schulz, C. (1980). Genius Loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture. London: Academy Editions.


Norberg-Schulz, C. (2000). Architecture: Presence, Language, Place. Milan: Akir.

Richards, J. (1994). Facadism. 1st Edition. London: Routledge.

Shirazi, M.R. (2014). Towards an Articulated Phenomenological Interpretation of Architecture: Phenomenal Phenomenology. London: Routledge.

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